ESAEmployment and Support Allowance is an allowance for people claiming benefit on the grounds of incapacity. It is an integrated contribution based and income related allowances. It can lead to intensive work focussed support based on Work Programme or Jobcentre Plus offer provision. Contribution based ESAEmployment and Support Allowance is payable if you have paid or been credited with enough class 1 or class 2 National Insurance contributions in the relevant tax year. Income related ESAEmployment and Support Allowance is payable if you do not have enough money coming in. You can claim income related ESAEmployment and Support Allowance for:- you and your partner; some housing costs and special needs. For example, if you or a member of your family have a disability.
ESAEmployment and Support Allowance does not include money for children or qualifying young persons. You can claim Child Tax Credit.
A claim to ESAEmployment and Support Allowance will involve a Work Capability Assessment. There can be 2 parts to this assessment. Initially, you will complete and return form ESA50. This form asks for details of medical professional support you have, medications you are prescribed and how your health affects you on a daily basis. This is usually followed by a face to face medical assessment. If you don’t fill in and return the form or take part in the medical assessment, your benefit could be stopped. Everyone must go through the Work Capability Assessment although not everyone will be medically examined.
The Work Capability Assessment will determine whether you have Limited Capability for Work and determine whether you should be placed in the Work Related Activity Group or the Support Group. If placed in the Work Related Activity Group you will be required to take part in work focussed interviews and undertake Work Related Activity. This interview will initially take place in your local jobcentre and will involve a discussion on ways to return to work. This could include volunteering, Permitted Work, C.V. Preparation and Interview Techniques, information on local support or a referral to the Work Programme.
If placed in the Support Group you are not required to take part in interviews or undertake Work Related Activity. However, you can voluntarily access support to return to work.
ESAEmployment and Support Allowance is paid at an assessment rate for the first 13 weeks or until after the initial Work Capability Assessment. You will then be moved on to the Main Phase and an additional component is paid. The Work Related Activity Component is paid in return for participating in work related interviews and agreeing an Action Plan. People who receive the Support Component are not required to have Work-focussed Interviews or undertake Work Related Activity but can volunteer.
Special rules apply to terminally ill people (Have a progressive disease and are not expected to live for more than another 6 months.). ESAEmployment and Support Allowance customers will automatically be placed in the Support Group. Terminally ill customers should apply for DLAPDisability Living Allowance as soon as possible.
To claim ESAEmployment and Support Allowance, you can phone 0800 055 6688. If you are unable to use the telephone or need additional help to make a claim, contact the Jobcentre to make an appointment. If you have speech or hearing difficulties you can contact us by using textphone 0800 023 48 88.
PIPPersonal Independence Payment is a benefit to help disabled people live full, active and independent lives. PIPPersonal Independence Payment is based on how their health condition or disability affects them individually.
PIPPersonal Independence Payment has replaced Disability Living Allowance for working age adults. DLAPDisability Living Allowance for children isn’t changing, but they need to claim PIPPersonal Independence Payment when they reach 16. DLAPDisability Living Allowance for those over 65 isn’t affected. PIPPersonal Independence Payment will help towards some of the extra costs arising from a long-term condition. (Ill health or disability expected to last 12 months or longer.)
PIPPersonal Independence Payment is a non-means tested and non-taxable cash benefit which people can spend in a way that best suits them. You can get PIPPersonal Independence Payment whether you work or not, therefore it can also help people move into and stay in work.
Claims to PIPPersonal Independence Payment are started over the phone to gather basic information. You can ask someone to help with the call but you must be present during the call to help answer security questions. A form will then be sent out for more information about how your health condition or disability affects you.
The claim process includes an assessment by a health professional. Most people will have a face to face consultation.
Reviews of an award will be done at appropriate intervals depending on how likely it is for your condition or impairment to change.
There are 2 components to PIPPersonal Independence Payment – Daily Living and Mobility needs. Each component can be paid at a standard or enhanced rate. At April 2018 the weekly rates are –
More information on PIPPersonal Independence Payment can be found at Personal Independence Payment (PIPPersonal Independence Payment) on the gov.uk web site. The telephone number to make a new claim is 0800 917 2222.
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